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One important step is to ensure that people of color hold management positions, including at the executive level. And a single person is not enough—multiple men and women of color together with their other identities must be present at any decision making table. This report dives into the data on black and white incar As we mark ten years since Hurricane Katrina and the failure of the levee system, countless pundits and policymakers will lift up New Orleans as an example of resilience.

And it is.

Study provides first estimate of total US population with felony convictions

But it should not have to be. Overview The evidence for racial disparities in the criminal justice system is well documented. Key Takeaway Racial disparities in the criminal justice system are no accident, but rather are rooted in a history of oppression and discriminatory decision making that have deliberately targeted black people and helped create an inaccurate picture of crime that deceptively links them with criminality.

Publication Highlights Discriminatory criminal justice policies and practices have historically and unjustifiably targeted black people since the Reconstruction Era, including Black Codes, vagrancy laws, and convict leasing, all of which were used to continue post-slavery control over newly-freed people. One in three black men born today can expect to be incarcerated in his lifetime, compared to one in six Latino men and one in 17 white men. One in 18 black women born in is likely to be incarcerated sometime in her life, compared to one in 45 Latina women and one in white women.

Black people are incarcerated in state prisons at a rate 5. In , a Police Accountability Task Force in Chicago found that police searched black and Latino drivers 4x as often as white drivers.

Black History: Facts and People | - HISTORY

Racial differences in views of the criminal justice system are not limited to the perceived fairness of the system as a whole. Black and white adults also differ across a range of other criminal justice-related questions asked by the Center in recent years, on subjects ranging from crime and policing to the use of computer algorithms in parole decisions.

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Blacks are also more likely than whites to see crime as a serious problem locally. Some of the most pronounced differences between blacks and whites emerge on questions related to police officers and the work they do. Black adults gave police officers a mean rating of 47; whites gave officers a mean rating of Blacks are also more likely than whites to have specific criticisms about the way officers do their jobs, particularly when it comes to police interactions with their community. Stark racial differences about key aspects of policing also emerged in a survey. Notably, black-white differences in views of policing exist among officers themselves.

Employing Former Felons Will Improve the Economy and Public Safety

Several other questions in the survey also showed stark differences in the views of black and white officers. Racial divisions extend to other questions related to the use of capital punishment.

Certain aspects of the criminal justice system have changed in recent decades. One example: Some states now use criminal risk assessments to assist with parole decisions. These assessments involve collecting data about people who are up for parole, comparing that data with data about other people who have been convicted of crimes, and then assigning inmates a score to help decide whether they should be released from prison or not. A survey asked Americans whether they felt the use of criminal risk assessments in parole decisions was an acceptable use of algorithmic decision-making.

States differ widely when it comes to allowing people with past felony convictions to vote.

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  • In 12 states, people with certain felony convictions can lose the right to vote indefinitely unless other criteria — such as receiving a pardon from the governor — are met, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. In Maine and Vermont, by contrast, those with felony convictions never lose the right to vote, even while they are incarcerated.